The Holocaust

The Holocaust

In the 23 months that went by from the moment the German army arrived in Thessaloniki until the departure of the first train loaded with Thessaloniki Jews for Auschwitz-Birkenau, the German Occupation authorities escalated the robbing of the Jewish population’s communal and private property and fortune, and when the looting was complete, they applied racist measures, enclosing the Jews inside ghettos; within one month they started forced displacement. Of the 50,000 Jews who lived in Thessaloniki before the war, only 2,000 returned after it ended.